Analysis of Factors Influencing the Incidence of Malaria in the Work Area of Public Health Centers
Keywords:Knowledge, Attitude, Information Media, Malaria
The purpose of this research is to determine what aspects of the Sidodadi Public Health Center's surrounding environment in Asahan District contribute to the high prevalence of malaria there. The survey, conducted in August and September 2022 at the Sidodadi Health Center in the Asahan Province, was quantitative in nature, taking the form of a cross-sectional study. Purposive selection was used to select a total of 88 participants for the study. Chi-square and logistic regression tests were used to evaluate the data. The bulk of the 88 respondents (35 or 39.7%) were business owners (48 or 54.5%), high school graduates (54.5%), and aged 36–45 (39.4%). The bivariate analysis revealed a significant relationship between community awareness and malaria prevalence (p=0.000). The multivariate analysis revealed that in the service region of the Sidodadi Public Health Center in the Asahan District, education was the most important factor in reducing the prevalence of malaria (p=0.000, OR=8.480). This study found that the knowledge variable was the most influential out of the six examined, which included attitudes, economic capacity, information media, living environment, and support from health workers in the catchment area of the Sidodadi Health Center in the Asahan Regency, where malaria cases were studied.
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