International Journal Papier Public Review <p><strong>International Journal Papier Public Review</strong> ISSN <strong>2709-023X</strong> covers all areas in Social and Public Studies, Education, Public Health, Management, Economy, Business, Information Technology Management, Knowledge Management, Management Information System, Management Psychology, Management of Enterprises, security and Risk Management, Hospitality Management, Sport Management, Strategic Management, Educational Management, Educational experiences, Special education, School curriculum, Curriculum theory, Academic disciplines, Philosophy of education, Humanities, Law, Anthropology, History, Administration, Public Administration, Journalism, Environmental Studies, Development Studies, International Relation Studies.</p> <p> </p> <p>.</p> Information-Integrated Global Society Studies en-US International Journal Papier Public Review 2709-023X Food and Nutrition Policies of African Countries <p>The food crisis that is currently being faced by the world is very vulnerable to the survival of mankind. A food crisis usually begins with a shock to either supply or demand for food and often involves a sudden spike in food prices. Food security is a flexible concept that is reflected in many attempts at every definition used in research and policy. Empowerment of farmers in the African agricultural sector is the key to realizing African food security. The strategy of privatizing agricultural inputs by prohibiting the circulation of traditional seeds indirectly forces small farmers to buy private agricultural inputs</p> Thimba Lurch Thabanu Rhushine Nyoki Shimpiwe Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal Papier Public Review 2021-09-15 2021-09-15 2 4 1 8 10.47667/ijppr.v2i4.106 The Adjudication Function of the Election Supervisory Body (ESB) in Realizing Election Justice <p>ESB's adjudication role and the nature of its presence in Indonesia's electoral justice system are the focus of this research. In a normative juridical approach and analytic descriptive, the researcher examines the legal norms in relevant laws and regulations to determine whether they have been violated. Indonesia's Election Supervisory Board (ESB) was created to ensure free and fair elections that adhere to democratic principles. The election adjudication function is attributable to Law Number 7 of 2017 concerning the ESB as an institution with the authority to resolve electoral process disputes. The existence of the ESB institution has made many positive contributions to the process of democracy development in Indonesia, the large number of violations originating from findings and reports handled by the ESB, is able to provide a deterrent effect for perpetrators of violations of laws and regulations, both election participants and election organizers.</p> Sahran Raden Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal Papier Public Review 2021-09-15 2021-09-15 2 4 9 19 10.47667/ijppr.v2i4.105 Determinant Factors Affecting the Implementation and Socio-Economic Impact of Waste Bank Policy in Makassar City <p>This paper discusses the Determinant Factors Affecting the Implementation and Socio-Economic Impact of the Waste Bank Policy in Makassar City. This research method uses this type of research, namely descriptive qualitative. Several methods of data collection carried out are Interview, Observation and documentation. The results of the study indicate that this central Waste Bank has an obligation to pick up and purchase waste. because so far the Waste Banks that have been formed have collided in the pick-up and purchase areas of waste, so that the Central Garbage Bank is the answer to the problems that have been programmed by the Waste Bank. The average condition of landfills in Indonesia, including Makassar City, is no longer able to accommodate waste and will cause social problems. The economic function of the waste bank is to give a high value to the waste which was originally considered low, does not mean anything and is a big problem and burden for the government and its people</p> Muhamad Jusman Armin Armin Nur Indrayati Nur Indar Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal Papier Public Review 2021-09-18 2021-09-18 2 4 20 25 10.47667/ijppr.v2i4.108 Government Mass Communication in Asean Countries in Health Services during the Covid 19 Pandemic <p>The purpose of this study was to determine the role of government mass communication in ASEAN countries in health services during the COVID-19 pandemic. In an effort to increase awareness of COVID-19, the development of digital-based information is increasingly needed. The public needs credible and reliable information to find out the Covid-19 phenomenon and its various impacts. people are increasingly understanding ways to protect themselves, their families, and the environment appropriately. This will also affect the improvement of public health services by providing good education and guidelines in mass media communication in ASEAN countries, especially in improving health services to the community</p> Syefiq Marliaz Shahril Azih Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal Papier Public Review 2021-09-28 2021-09-28 2 4 26 30 10.47667/ijppr.v2i4.109 Analysis of the Relationship between Human Development Index and Regional Development of West Sulawesi Province <p><em>This study aims to analyze the relationship between the human development index and the regional development of West Sulawesi Province. This study uses panel data analysis that combines time series-cross section data and uses the Two Stage Least Square (2SLS) method. The type of data in this study is secondary data taken from the Central Statistics Agency (BPS) of West Sulawesi. The variables of the human development index are life expectancy, average length of schooling, expected length of schooling and purchasing power index. While the variables of regional development are poverty, unemployment, regional inequality and GRDP. The results of the analysis using the 2SLS method. In the HDI equation, the PW variable partially has a negative but not significant effect on the HDI for =5%. However, if for =20% PW has a negative and significant effect on HDI. While in the PW equation, the HDI variable partially has a negative but not significant effect on PW for = 5%. The R2 in the HDI equation is 97.5% and the remaining 2.5% which shows that the influence of PW, Life Expectancy, Average Years of Schooling, Expected Years of Schooling, and Purchasing Power Index together have an effect on HDI. While in the PW equation, the determination of R2 is 99.2% and the remaining 0.8% which shows HDI, Poverty Level, Unemployment Rate, Regional Inequality and Gross Regional Domestic Product together affect PW. So, there is a simultaneous relationship between the Human Development Index and Regional Development</em></p> Muhammad Haekal Ansyar Rusnadi Padjung Muslim Salam Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal Papier Public Review 2021-10-12 2021-10-12 2 4 31 38 10.47667/ijppr.v2i4.113 The Urgency of Public Transportation in Terms of Supervision in Accordance with Health Protocols <p>The goal of this study was to ascertain the critical nature of public transportation under the supervision of a health protocol. During the COVID-19 pandemic's New Normal phase, the government issued an appeal addressing health procedures for individuals who are active in public spaces or who use public facilities. This protocol also applies to the public transportation industry, specifically the bus industry. Health rules for bus use must be strictly adhered to and monitored in order to prevent the virus from spreading. The health protocol is implemented to offer a sense of security for public bus riders without jeopardizing the quality of service. A series of laws limiting capacity and enforcing strict adherence to health protocols for all modes of public transportation</p> Endriy Artem Voktir Busyedin Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal Papier Public Review 2021-10-13 2021-10-13 2 4 39 45 10.47667/ijppr.v2i4.114 Impact of Public Capital Expenditure on Poverty Rate in Nigeria <p>According to the researchers, the aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of government spending on poverty rates in Nigeria. Several issues of the Central Bank of Nigeria's statistics bulletin were used in the research, which yielded a large amount of data. The data was submitted to a unit root test, which was performed using the Augmented Dickey fuller (ADF) method, in order to determine its time series characteristics. The variables' socioeconomic characteristics were obtained via the use of descriptive statistics. Because of the varying order of integration seen in the unit root, cointegration and regression analysis were carried out utilizing the ARDL- Autoregressive Distributed Lag method, which is an acronym for Autoregressive Distributed Lag. The results of the study revealed that the crucial t-value of 2.185498 is more than the t-statistic value of 2.185498 by a factor of two (2.0). Additionally, the result of 0.0377 is less than the cutoff value of 0.05. According to the findings of the research, capital expenditure has a significant impact on the poverty rate. According to the study, more capital investment in the following areas is recommended: education, electricity generation, economic services, and health. It also recommends that resources be effectively managed.</p> Jideofor Nnennaya Joy Michah Chukwuemeka Okafor Ikhite Hope Ohiorenuan Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal Papier Public Review 2021-10-22 2021-10-22 2 4 46 55 10.47667/ijppr.v2i4.115 Beach Tourism Destinations Promotion Strategy Tthrough Social Media Influencers in Bulukumba Regency <p>The purpose of this study is to determine the strategy of influencers in attracting tourist visits to Bulukumba Regency. The method used in this research is a qualitative approach. The subjects in this study were the people around the tourist attraction, tourists and the Bulukumba Regency Tourism Office. The research instrument is Observation, Interview and Documentation. The results of this study show. Influencer Marketing is one of the marketing strategies by using efficient social media to promote a product or service offered by the industry. Not only that, using Influencer Marketing can significantly cut costs used for promotions</p> Asmawaty Asmawaty Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal Papier Public Review 2021-11-19 2021-11-19 2 4 56 69 10.47667/ijppr.v2i4.117 Learning Innovation in Elementary School to Welcome the New Normal in Makassar City <p>The application of policy adaptive to the implementation of policies in the world of education will result in a control. The existence of a policy adaptive policy that is applied can measure 70% of the output generated from the policy. Therefore, policy adaptive makes policy implementation in the world of education more active to contribute in achieving the required tasks. This study aims to (1) describe and analyze educational policy settings. (2) Describe the design and implementation of education policies. (3) Knowing policy monitoring on the implementation of education policies. This research method uses a descriptive qualitative approach through case studies. Collecting data through observation, interviews, and documentation. Data analysis uses data reduction, data presentation, verification, and drawing conclusions. The results of this study found that policy adaptation in the implementation of education policies in the Covid 19 Era was applied with 3 indicators, namely (1) policy settings through 6 important points whose implementation was in accordance with the ability of the school. (2) the design and implementation of education policies is carried out through 9 points, namely SOP, School Task Force, Curriculum Design, Design of technical guidance and special training for educators, PTM scenarios for online learning, and coordination of schools with supervisors, task forces, health centers and the Committee for Policy Implementation Government. (3) policy monitoring on the implementation of education policies carried out through 6 stages.</p> Safaruddin Safaruddin Juanda Nawawi Nur Indrayati Nur Indar Muhammad Tang Abdullah Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal Papier Public Review 2021-11-30 2021-11-30 2 4 70 79 10.47667/ijppr.v2i4.120