Antibacterial Property of Hanguana Malayana (Bakong) Crude Leaf Ethanolic Extract Against Staphylococcus Aureus


  • Vandon T. Borela Teacher, Parang High School, Philippines
  • Jan Arianne Urbano Students, Parang High School, Philippines
  • Andrei Joshua Tayag Students, Parang High School, Philippines
  • Myco Teresa Students, Parang High School, Philippines



Hanguana malayana, Staphylococcus aureus, inhibition zone


Hanguana Malayana, known as Bakong plant is an invasive macrophytic plant found in few regions of the Philippines. Due to its mode of propagation, it occupies large spaces and it invades the space that’s allotted for the crops of local farmers. Hence, the researchers investigate this plant for beneficial uses. In this study, the effect of the different concentrations of H. malayana crude ethanolic leaf extract on Saureus is evaluated on the basis of the study of Ooh and company (2014) stating that the plant is a  potential resources of bioactive phytoconstituents. This research concluded that the Hanguana malayana crude leaf ethanolic extract has an antibacterial property against Staphylococcus  aureus.


Download data is not yet available.


Alcalde, B., Granados, M., & Saurina, J. (2019). Exploring the antioxidant features of polyphenols by spectroscopic and electrochemical methods. Antioxidants, 8(11), 523.

Chambers, P. A., Lacoul, P., Murphy, K. J., & Thomaz, S. M. (2007). Global diversity of aquatic macrophytes in freshwater. In Freshwater animal diversity assessment (pp. 9-26). Springer, Dordrecht.

Cheok, M. H., Yang, W., Pui, C. H., Downing, J. R., Cheng, C., Naeve, C. W., ... & Evans, W. E. (2003). Treatment-specific changes in gene expression discriminate in vivo drug response in human leukemia cells. Nature genetics, 34(1), 85-90.

Farhoosh, R., Johnny, S., Asnaashari, M., Molaahmadibahraseman, N., & Sharif, A. (2016). Structure–antioxidant activity relationships of o-hydroxyl, o-methoxy, and alkyl ester derivatives of p-hydroxybenzoic acid. Food chemistry, 194, 128-134.

Farhoosh, R., Sharif, A., Asnaashari, M., Johnny, S., & Molaahmadibahraseman, N. (2016). Temperature-dependent mechanism of antioxidant activity of o-hydroxyl, o-methoxy, and alkyl ester derivatives of p-hydroxybenzoic acid in fish oil. Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, 93(4), 555-567.

Hyer, M. L., Voelkel-Johnson, C., Rubinchik, S., Dong, J. Y., & Norris, J. S. (2000). Intracellular Fas ligand expression causes Fas-mediated apoptosis in human prostate cancer cells resistant to monoclonal antibody-induced apoptosis. Molecular Therapy, 2(4), 348-358.

Li, W., Cao, T., Ni, L., Zhang, X., Zhu, G., & Xie, P. (2013). Effects of water depth on carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus stoichiometry of five submersed macrophytes in an in situ experiment. Ecological Engineering, 61, 358-365.

Martini, S., Tagliazucchi, D., Minelli, G., & Fiego, D. P. L. (2020). Influence of linseed and antioxidant-rich diets in pig nutrition on lipid oxidation during cooking and in vitro digestion of pork. Food Research International, 137, 109528.

Ong, Y. H., Lim, M., & Liu, Q. (2012). Comparison of principal component analysis and biochemical component analysis in Raman spectroscopy for the discrimination of apoptosis and necrosis in K562 leukemia cells. Optics express, 20(20), 22158-22171.




How to Cite

Borela, V. T., Urbano, J. A. ., Tayag, A. J., & Teresa, M. . (2021). Antibacterial Property of Hanguana Malayana (Bakong) Crude Leaf Ethanolic Extract Against Staphylococcus Aureus. International Journal Papier Advance and Scientific Review, 2(1), 1-5.