Analysis of Coping Behavior of Parents Who Have Children with Special Needs (Autism) in Public Special School 1 Kendari
Keywords:Autism, Child Special Need, Parents, Coping Behavior
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a condition characterized by several levels of social behavior, communication and language that is disturbed by various interests and narrow activities that are unique to the individual and carried out repeatedly. Parents need coping to understand the condition of children with special needs. This study aims to analyze coping behavior in parents who have children with special needs (autism). This research is a qualitative research with a case study approach. The data were obtained by means of in-depth interviews and observations on 14 informants consisting of families, parents and health workers as well as teachers and principals Public Special School 1 Kendari. Content analysis is used to identify topics or categories in data. The results showed that coping behaviors were used to overcome feelings, namely worship, crying, patience, keeping busy and entertaining themselves. Coping behavior to overcome the condition of children with special needs (autism) in the form of following therapy, dietary food, teaching children at home, alternative medicine and taking medication. To support coping efforts, parents get support from family, friends, school principals, teachers and therapists. It is recommended that Special School 1 Kendari be able to increase the understanding and knowledge of parents about autism by holding training for parents who have children with autism, how to handle children with autism so that parents gain understanding and help parents' difficulties in working with children with autism.
Ashburner, J., Ziviani, J., & Rodger, S. (2008). Sensory processing and classroom emotional, behavioral, and educational outcomes in children with autism spectrum disorder. American journal of occupational therapy, 62(5), 564-573.
Ashburner, J., Ziviani, J., & Rodger, S. (2010). Surviving in the mainstream : Capacity of children with autism spectrum disorders to perform academically and regulate their emotions and behavior at school. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 18–27.
Ayun, Q. (2017). Pola Asuh Orang Tua dan Metode Pengasuhan Dalam Membentuk Kepribadian Anak. ThufuLA: Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan Guru Raudhatul Athfal, 5(1), 102-122.
Benson, P. R. (2014). Coping and psychological adjustment among mothers of children with ASD: An Aacelerated longitudinal study. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1793–1807.
Berkovits, L., Eisenhower, A., & Blacher, J. (2017). Emotion regulation in young children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 47(1), 68-79.
CDC. (2020). Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder Among Children Aged 8 Years — Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, 11 Sites, United States, 2016. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/ss/ss6904a1.htm
Cohrs, A. C., & Leslie, D. L. (2017). Depression in parents of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder: A claims-based analysis. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 47(5), 1416-1422.
Daulay, N. (2016). Gambaran ketangguhan ibu dalam mengasuh anak autis. Psikohumaniora: Jurnal Penelitian Psikologi, 1(1), 49-74.
Dina E.F., Hermawan, F., & Virgin. (2017). Emotion-Focused Coping in Single Mother who has Adolescence with Autism. GUIDENA: Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan, Psikologi, Bimbingan dan Konseling, 7(2).
Ekaningtyas, N. D. (2019). Parenting education guna meningkatkan parenting self-efficacy pada orang tua dari anak dengan gangguan autisme. Pendidkan Anak Usia Dini, 4(1), 30-39.
Hastings, R. P., & Brown, T. (2002). Behavior problems of children with autism, parental self-efficacy, and mental health. American journal on mental retardation, 107(3), 222-232.
Hayes, S. A., & Watson, S. L. (2013). The impact of parenting stress: A meta-analysis of studies comparing the experience of parenting stress in parents of children with and without autism spectrum disorder. Journal of autism and developmental disorders, 43(3), 629-642.
Hoogsteen, L., & Woogate, R. L. (2013). The lived experience of parenting a child with autism in a rural area : Making the invisible, visable. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 33-37.
Judarwanto, W. (2015). Jumlah Penderita Autis di Indonesia. Pediatri.
Mekki, K. (2012). Stress and coping in mothers of children with autism spectrum disorders, Doctoral dissertation, Université d'Ottawa/University of Ottawa.
Nisa, A. C. (2017). Improving the Effectiveness of Learning Using Pictures Cards" Rocky Dust" for Students with Disorder Autism Sensory Integration in SLB-B TPA Jember, East Java, Indonesia. Journal of Education and Practice, 8(9), 196-202.
Nolcheva, M., & Trajkovski, V. (2015). Exploratory Study: Stress, Coping and Support among Parents of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Journal of special education and rehabilitation.
Rahayu, A. T., Matuzzahroh, N., & Amalia, S. (2019). Religiusitas dan stres pengasuhan pada ibu dengan anak autis. Jurnal ilmiah psikologi terapan, 07(02), 252-269.
Rahmah, J., Diani, N., & Rachmawati, K. (2015). Kepatuhan orang tua tentang diet gluten free dan casein free dengan perilaku anak autis. Dunia Keperawatan: Jurnal Keperawatan dan Kesehatan, 3(2), 16-25.
Rahmania, R., Nurwati, N., & Taftazani, B. M. (2016). Strategi Koping Ibu Dengan Anak Gangguan Spektrum Autisme:(Studi Kasus: Orangtua Murid Taman Kanan-Kanak Mutiara Bunda). Prosiding Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, 3(3), 334.
Rahman, Z. A., Awang, J., Ibrahim, M., Kamarzaman, M. H., Yusof, M., Abdul Kadir, F. A., & Mohamed, S. (2018). Element of silent repetition of prayers and self-reflection or introspection approaches in coping problematic behaviors among adolescents. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, 9(7), 261-268.
Rieffe, C., De Bruine, M., De Rooij, M., & Stockmann, L. (2014). Approach and avoidant emotion regulation prevent depressive symptoms in children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder. International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience, 39, 37-43.
Safaria. (2005). Autisme, Pemahaman untuk hidup lebih bermakna bagi orang tua, Jogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.
Samson, A. C., Wells, W. M., Phillips, J. M., Hardan, A. Y., & Gross, J. J. (2015). Emotion regulation in autism spectrum disorder: evidence from parent interviews and children's daily diaries. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 56(8), 903-913.
Saragih, J. B. (2018). Limitedness of space in coastal settlement area; how children create their playground. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. IOP Publishing (p. 012090).
Seymour, W. (2012). Remaking the body: Rehabilitation and change. Routledge.
Soetjiningsih. (2014). Tumbuh Kembang Anak Edisi 2. Jakarta: EGC.
Sukoco, N. E. W., Pambudi, J., & Herawati, M. H. (2015). Hubungan status gizi anak balita dengan orang tua bekerja. Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan, 18(4), 387-397.
WHO. (2019). Autism Spectrum Disorders. Available from: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/autism-spectrum-disorders.
Zaidman-Zait, A., Mirenda, P., Duku, E., Vaillancourt, T., Smith, I. M., Szatmari, P., et al. (2016). Impact of personal and social resources on parenting stress in mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder. Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 Interdisciplinary Journal Papier Human Review
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.