International Journal Papier Advance and Scientific Review <p><strong>International Journal Papier Advance and Scientific Review </strong>ISSN <strong>2709-0248 </strong>covers research areas in Medical Science, Chemistry, Biology, Engineering, Technology, Information Sciences, Health Science, Applied Sciences, Cognitive Sciences, Artificial Intelligence, Life Sciences, Agricultural, Fisheries, Earth, Environmental Science, Botany, Zoology, Microbiology, Ecology, Ethnobiology, Genetics, Dental Health, Biochemistry, Bioinformatics, Biophysics, Biostatistics, Health Care Delivery, Health Care Research, Epidemiology, Midwifery, Health Psychology, Social Health, Biodiversity and Conservation Biology, Physical health, Quaternary Care, Secondary Care, Veterinary Nursing, Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy, Architecture, Pathology, Physiotherapy &amp; Rehabilitation, Ergonomics, Food and Nutrition, Veterinary Medicines.</p> en-US Mon, 02 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0700 OJS 60 Post-traumatic Hemothorax: Management in a Limited-medium Structure <p>Post-traumatic hemothorax is common in young adults in the context of road accidents. Explorations of the lesions may be limited by the technical platform. The objective of our study is to discuss the difficulty of managing post-traumatic hemothorax in a limited-medium structure. This was a 20-month retrospective study (01 May 2018-31 December 2019), involving 38 patients treated for post-traumatic hemothorax, whether or not associated with pneumothorax, in the general surgery department of the CHU Analankinina Toamasina. The hospital frequency was 1.66%, with a mean age of the patients of 31.89 years, and a male predominance (73.68%). The main provider of hemothorax was the civil liability accident (52.63%). Chest X-rays were performed in almost all patients (94.74%). Complications had been found in 4 patients with secondary surgery, with favorable outcomes. The frequency of hemothorax is constantly increasing in Madagascar, where the civil liability accident is the main cause. Chest X-ray remains the most accessible examination to be carried out in emergency. An early and efficient thoracic drainage generally ensures a favorable evolution without after-effects.</p> Jonatana AD, Razafindraibe VB, Rahantasoa Finaritra CP, Randrianambinina F, Samison LH, Rakotoarijaona AH, Rakotovao HJL Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal Papier Advance and Scientific Review Mon, 02 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Mycelium-producing Mushroom Calocybe indica (Milky Mushroom) as Bio-antagonist Against the Bacteria present in Marikina River. <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Mushroom forming fungi are one of the nature’s most powerful decomposers and degrades a wide variety of environmentally persistent pollutants and organic contaminants by secreting strong extra cellular enzymes due to their aggressive growth and biomass production.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This study assess the potential of <em>Calocybe indica</em> (Milky mushroom) as bio-antagonist against microorganism serves as pollutants on Marikina River through Heterotrophic plate count (HPC).</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The use of <em>Calocybe indica</em> (Milky mushroom) as the medium of mycoremediation effectively lessen the count of bacterial colonies in Marikina River’s water by creating a bio-antagonistic relationship with the bio-pollutants present on the water samples.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Increasing the period of treatment and observation. Using of water samples from different depth from surface level down to aphotic region of the Marikina River. Identifying the strain of microorganisms present on the water. Using other mushroom to compare the potential of <em>Calocybe indica </em>to kill bio-pollutants should be done for the improvement of the study.</p> Vandon Borela, Dhian Ashley Apolinar, Franz Weslei Cuachin, Laurence James Calañada Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal Papier Advance and Scientific Review Mon, 02 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Comparative Study of Balanced Nutrition Knowledge of Health Care in the Village and Sub-district of Kabila District Bone Bolango Regency <p>Health cadres have responsibility for the local community and leaders appointed by the health center. They are expected to be able to carry out the instructions given by the supervisor in the work relationship of the health team. This article aims to examine the Comparative Study of Balanced Nutrition Knowledge of Health Cadres in the Village and Sub-district of Kabila District, Bone Bolango Regency. The type of research used in this research is comparative quantitative research with a cross-sectional study approach. The population in this study were all health cadres registered in the villages and sub-districts of Kabila District Bone Bolango Regency, as many as 72 health cadres. The sample size in the study was determined based on the Slovin method which was 42 samples. The results of the research were 17 health cadres in the village had sufficient knowledge of balanced nutrition (81.0%). Meanwhile, a small proportion of them had less knowledge of balanced nutrition, namely 1 person (4.8%). Most of the health cadres in the Sub-districts have sufficient knowledge of balanced nutrition, as many as 15 people (71.4%). Meanwhile, a small proportion of them had less knowledge of balanced nutrition, namely 2 people (9.5%). There is no difference in the level of knowledge of balanced nutrition among health cadres in the village and health cadres in the sub-district with a p value of 0.140.</p> Hartati Inaku Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal Papier Advance and Scientific Review Mon, 02 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0700 The Effect of Extract Supplements of Moringa Oleifera Leaves Plus Royal Jelly on Hemoglobin (Hb) Levels of Anemia Pregnant Mother in Takalar Regency <p>The aim of this study was to determine the effect of Moringa oleifera leaf extract supplements, Moringa oleifera leaf extract plus royal jelly and placebo on hemoglobin levels in anemic pregnant women. This research is a randomized controlled double blind design study which was conducted in Polombangkeng Utara District, Takalar Regency for 2 months. The subjects of this study were pregnant women with anemia, the majority of which were 20-35 years old, primigravida parity, income less than UMR, unemployment, higher education, pregnancy distance of more than 2 years with p value&gt; 0.05. Then divided into three groups, namely Moringa capsules plus royal jelly (KRJ) (n = 24), Moringa capsules (KTR) (n = 24) and placeco (PLC) (n = 21). Before and after the intervention, measurements of hemoglobin levels were carried out using the Hemocue tool and interviewing the characteristics of the respondents. The results showed that the average Hb level increased from each group (mean SD): KRJ 10.06 ± 0.75 to 11.42 ± 1.23, P = 0.001, KTR 10.40 ± 0.46 to 11.15 ± 0 , 90 P = 0.001 and PLC 10.43 ± 0.42 becomes 11.14 ± 0.88 P = 0.002. but there was no significant difference from the difference in the average increase in Hb levels in the three groups, but there was a tendency that KRJ was superior to the KTR and PLC groups with an increase of 1.36 gr / dl, KTR 0.75 gr / dl and PLC 0.71 gr / dl. So it can be concluded that KRJ is better than KTR and PLC in increasing Hb levels in anemic pregnant women in Takalar Regency.</p> Yulni Yulni, Veni Hadju, Burhanuddin Bahar, Citrakesumasari Citrakesumasari, Rahayu Indriasari, Zainal Zainal Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal Papier Advance and Scientific Review Wed, 11 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Quantitative Assessment of the Number of Escherichia Coli Bacteria and Risk Characterization of Food in Cafeteria of Regional Public Hospital Kendari City <p>One of the cases of disease originating from food is commonly called foodborne disease which is caused by pathogenic microorganisms or microbes that contaminate food. For this reason, it is necessary to calculate a quantitative microbial risk analysis to see the risk of disease caused by bacteria. This study aims to analyze the quantitative risk of Escherichia coli bacteria in food at the Kendari City Hospital canteen against public health problems. This study used an observational method with a cross sectional approach. This study uses a Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment (QMRA) approach. The samples in this study were each type of food including rice, vegetables, tofu, chicken and fish as well as tea drinks which were taken by accidental sampling. The results showed that the number of Escherichia coli bacteria in the morning food on the first, second and third day was found in tofu, vegetables, chicken at 3.6 CFU / g and in drinks 3 CFU / ml. The number of Escherichia coli bacteria during the day on the first day was found in vegetables at 6.1 CFU / g, on the second day on vegetables was 9.2 CFU / g, and on the third day in chickens was 14 CFU / g. Characterization of bacterial risk in respondents due to consumption of food in the morning and during the day, shows that Pill = 3.5 x 10-1 which means that food samples positive for Escherichia coli bacteria have a high risk of causing health problems in humans such as diarrhea and disorders other health.</p> Ismiliani saflia, Anwar Mallongi, Muh. Hatta, Hasanuddin Ishak, Agus Birawida, Yahya Thamrin Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal Papier Advance and Scientific Review Sun, 15 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Microplastic Depuration on Asaphis Detlorata <p>Depuration is an effort to reduce/eliminate contamination including microplastics, which one is using a water circulation system. This study aims to determine the effective depuration time to reduce the microplastic content in Asaphis detlorata This study used a quantitative approach with experimental research design with a completely randomized design. There are 450 shells used as an experimental animal where is the treatment consisted of four depuration times, namely 1;2;3; and 4 days with 3 repetitions of each treatment, while the control shells were without depuration. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to see the effect of depuration treatment on the microplastic content. If the effect of the treatment was significantly different, then the post hoc test was continued to determine the differences between treatments. The results showed that Asaphis detlorata obtained from the mouth of the Lakatong river estuary were contaminated with microplastics ranging from 0.6 to 8.1 MPs/shellfish and an average of 3.96 MPs/shellfish. Depuration time significantly affected the microplastic content in shellfish depuration effectiveness. There is a tendency that the longer depuration time is decreased microplastic content in shellfish. The effective depuration time to reduce the microplastic content in Asaphis detlorata was 3 and 4 days. Further research is needed for a more effective depuration for cleaning microplastics in shellfish.</p> Dian Fatriani Indah Saputri, Anwar Daud, Rachman Syah, Agus Bintara Birawida, Hasnawati Amqam, Syamsiar S. Russeng Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal Papier Advance and Scientific Review Mon, 16 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Stunting Problems in Pregnant Women and Children Within 1000 Days of Early Life <p>Pregnant women need nutrients and minerals to support fetal development and metabolic processes because pregnant women are prone to nutritional problems. This study aims to analyze the problem of stunting in pregnant women and children within the first 1000 days of life. This type of research uses a descriptive quantitative approach using analytical survey methods and interviews as well as direct observation of baduta with stunting problems. The sample in this study was conducted using purposive sampling technique with a sample size of 80 Baduta. The results showed the description of mother's knowledge of the problem of stunting in Baduta. Based on table 3 above, there were 47 baduta (86.7%) non-stunted mothers (11.3%). Meanwhile, there were 17 baduta (63.0%) stunting children and 10 baduta (37.0%) children who were not stunted. Several causes that affect children's nutrition that can be at risk and lead to stunting problems, namely low mother's education, lack of knowledge, lack of family income, history of KEK, incomplete immunization, not getting complementary breastfeeding</p> Sabirin B. Syukur, Harismayanti Harismayanti Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal Papier Advance and Scientific Review Tue, 17 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Differences in Oleic Acid Levels in Matured Milk in the Nutritional Status of Breastfeeding Mothers with Normal and Chronic Energy Deficient <p>This study aims to determine the oleic acid levels of mature breast milk and to analyze differences in oleic acid levels in mature breastfeeding mothers with chronic energy deficiency (KEK) nutritional status and normal nutritional status. This type of research is analytic observation with a cross sectional approach. The population in this study was mature breastfeeding mothers who were in the work area of ​​Sudiang and Sudiang Raya Public Health Centers. The sample in the study was breastfeeding mother's milk aged 2 weeks-6 months. The sampling technique used was purposive sampling method, a sample size of 38 consisting of 19 breastfeeding mothers and 19 breastfeeding mothers with normal nutritional status. Data were analyzed using the Manwithney test. The results of the study found that oleic acid levels in SEZ breastfeeding mothers were in the range of 0.7 - 1.7, with an average of 0.95 ± 0.198 and normal breastfeeding mothers, the oleic acid levels ranged from 0.6 to 1.4 with an average of 0 , 94 ± 0.195. The results of statistical tests found no significant difference p = 0.317 levels of oleic acid in breastfeeding mothers, the nutritional status of KEK compared to normal nutritional status. Oleic acid levels in breast milk for breastfeeding mothers with KEK were 94.7%, category less than the reference and in breastfeeding mothers the normal nutritional status was 100% lower than the reference level (1.5 gr / L).</p> Inka Sumule, Citrakesumasari Citrakesumasari, Nurpudji Astuti Daud, Abdul Salam, Rahayu Indriasari, Erniwati Ibrahm Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal Papier Advance and Scientific Review Sun, 22 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Dynamics of COVID-19 Development: New Data and New Estimates from Wavelet Analysis <p>Investigation of the dynamics of diseases from viruses is a key issue in the understanding of their distribution. This is especially important when viruses are dangerous. This requires the use of various analysis tools. We used wavelet coherence. We obtained results that explain some of the dynamics of the COVID-19 pandemic. We also conducted a comparative analysis of the development of the pandemic between individual European countries.</p> Vyacheslav Lyashenko Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal Papier Advance and Scientific Review Fri, 11 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0700 The Effect of Extract of Canarian Nuts on Reduction of Total Cholesterol Levels of Hyperglicemic Rat <p><em>This study aims to determine the effect of walnut extract (Canarium indica) on the total cholesterol levels of hyperglycemic Wistar rats (Rattus norvegicus L). Experimental research with pre-post-test control design. The samples in this study were 28 rats induced by alloxan to become hyperglycemic. The test animals were divided into four groups, each consisting of seven: negative control (Na CMC 1%), positive control (metformin 150 mg / Kg BW), walnut extract group 300 mg / Kg BW (0.06g / 200gr BW), and extract 600 mg / Kg BW (0.12 / 200g BW). The intervention was given walnut extract for 21 days. Total cholesterol levels were measured by the Easytouch Multi-Monitoring System. This study used SPSS with paired t-test and ANOVA test. &nbsp;The results showed a significant reduction in cholesterol levels in all groups after treatment (p &lt;0.05). There was a significant difference in the reduction of total cholesterol levels between groups with a value of p = 0.037. The results of the posthoc test showed a difference in the reduction in total cholesterol levels between the 300 extract group, 1% Na CMC, and metformin and the 600 extract group with 1% Na CMC p-value &lt;0.05, there was no difference between the 600 extract group and the metformin group. p&gt; 0.05. Walnut extract was effective in reducing alloxan-induced fasting blood sugar levels of mice. Total cholesterol levels in hyperglycemic rats experienced a significant decrease after 21 days of intervention with walnut extract 300 and 600 mg/kg BW, but only walnut extract at a dose of 600 mg/kg BW had the same effectiveness as metformin. </em></p> Reski Pebriani, Nurhaedar Jafar, Wahiduddin Wahiduddin, Healthy Hidayanti, Burhanuddin Burhanuddin, Ummu Salamah Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal Papier Advance and Scientific Review Tue, 15 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0700